Prepared by General Electric International, Inc. (GE) Energy Consulting
Released 06 July 2016
The Pan-Canadian Wind Integration Study (PCWIS) was performed to assess the implications of integrating large amounts of wind in the Canadian electrical system: Specifically,
- To develop a consistent database of chronological wind data for potential wind sites across Canada;
- To provide an improved understanding of the operational challenges and opportunities associated with high wind energy penetration in Canada; and
- To provide an improved understanding of the operational and production costs and benefits of high wind penetration in Canada.
This study aimed to develop an understanding of the operational implications of how variable wind energy resources would affect the existing and future electricity grid, and what environmental and economic costs and benefits may be associated with integrating large amounts of wind energy in Canada.
System operators have a desire to understand how much wind energy can be reliably integrated onto the electricity grid and at what cost. Opportunities for greater penetration and more cost-effective integration are enhanced when these issues are considered on a regional or national basis. While the benefits of wind energy are widely known, the results of this study will help ensure that the benefits of wind energy are most efficiently realized.
The Pan-Canadian Wind Integration Study (PCWIS) was prepared by GE Energy Consulting and co-funded by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) through the ecoEnergy Innovation Initiative (ecoEII) and the Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA), with in kind support from each organization.
While produced with financial support from Natural Resources Canada, its contents do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Government of Canada.
The Pan-Canadian Wind Integration Study could not have been undertaken without the generously offered time, commitment and data from members of the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), and the support and feedback provided by CanWEA, NRCan, and DNV GL, the project advisor to CanWEA.
CanWEA is grateful for the support and guidance offered by the TAC, and wishes to thank the members and the organizations they represent for the important contributions they have made to this study. It should be noted that while members of the TAC were instrumental in ensuring the successful delivery of this work, the findings, opinions, conclusions and recommendations presented herein do not necessarily reflect those of the TAC members or the organizations they represent.
Technical Advisory Committee Members:
- Alberta Electric System Operator (AESO)
- BC Hydro
- Hydro Québec
- Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO)
- ISO-New England (ISO-NE)
- Manitoba Hydro
- Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO)
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
- New York Independent System Operator (NYISO)
- Utility Variable-Generation Integration Group (UVIG)
- Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)
The project team and CanWEA also acknowledge and thank Environment and Climate Change Canada which performed the mesoscale atmospheric modeling and provided raw wind-related data for the wind profiling and forecasting.
Downloadable Report Sections
The Pan-Canadian Wind Integration Study final report includes following major sections: