Wind energy is one of the fastest-growing sources of new electricity in countries around the world, and Canada is no exception.

When the Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA) set a target of 10,000 MW of wind energy in Canada in 2000, there was only 137 MW of installed capacity operating across the country. In May of 2015, Canada reached that goal.

More wind energy has been built in Canada over the last five years than any other form of electricity generation, with installed capacity growing by an average of 23 per cent per year. As a result, Canada is a major player on the global scene. We rank seventh in the world for total installed wind energy capacity, and in 2015 we were the sixth largest market for new wind energy development in the world.


Despite this progress, however, we have barely scratched the surface of our wind energy potential.

The energy sector is undergoing significant change as governments around the world pursue the development of an economy that is less dependent on fossil fuels, a transition that will only accelerate in the wake of the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Canada has huge reserves of high-quality, cost-competitive wind energy resources that must be part of any credible plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Wind energy can replace fossil-fuel generation and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the electricity sector in the short term, and also help lay a foundation for deeper cuts through electrification of other sectors of the economy.

Studies conducted in Canada and around the world have repeatedly shown the only way to get the large-scale emissions reductions needed to avoid the worst impacts of climate change is by using clean electricity to power vehicles, buildings and industry.

Canada’s electricity grid is already more than 80 per cent emissions-free, the cleanest in the G7.

By further capitalizing on our tremendous endowment of wind, hydro and solar resources, we can reliably generate 100 per cent of our electricity from zero-emission generation sources. Clean energy represents a competitive advantage for Canada, allowing us to not only meet our own environmental goals, but also export solutions to the more fossil-dependent U.S. market.

With the right policies in place, Canada can lead the global shift to a low-carbon economy, and capture the tremendous opportunity for new jobs and investment that it brings.

Learn More:

  • As demand for cleaner power rises in the United States, so do electricity export opportunities for eastern Canadian suppliers. In the six New England states and New York state, Canadian generation projects have the potential to meet the demand for valuable Class I Renewable Energy Credits (REC.) To that end, CanWEA engaged Power Advisory LLC to review opportunities offered by the U.S. Northeast for Canadian wind projects in power-advisory-canwea-ne-opportunities-oct-2016
  • CanWEA and the Canadian Solar Industries Association submitted Policy Recommendations With Respect to Canada’s Approach to Climate Change to the federal government’s consultations on a greenhouse emissions reduction strategy. The recommendations include setting an economy-wide price on carbon, decarbonizing Canada’s electricity supply, encouraging renewable energy investment, increasing electrification, and implementing a renewable energy export strategy.
  • Powering Climate Prosperity: Canada’s Renewable Electricity Advantage, a report from the Canadian Council on Renewable Energy (CanCORE), concludes that meeting Canada’s climate commitments will require us to more than double renewable electricity generation capacity and make electricity the preferred source of energy to power the economy.
  • Capitalizing on Canada’s Renewable Electricity Advantage outlines CanCORE’s recommendations for a Canadian climate change strategy, including aiming for a zero-carbon electricity grid by 2050, electrifying the economy, and developing a renewable energy export strategy.
  • A Canadian Opportunity: Tackling Climate Change by Switching to Clean Power, an analysis by Clean Energy Canada, describes the overarching policies needed to support electrification.
  • The Pan-Canadian Wind Integration Study, conducted by an expert team led by GE Energy Consulting Group, Canada can reliably and cost-effectively source more than one-third of its electricity from wind energy, and at the same time realize significant economic and environmental benefits.
  • Enabling Canadian Electricity Imports for Clean Power Plan Compliance, a report co-sponsored by CanWEA, provides U.S. state policymakers with technical guidelines for using clean energy from Canada to meet their climate goals. Its recommendations include establishing a level playing field for domestic and imported resources, developing transmission links, and structuring effective competitive processes.
  • Bloomberg New Energy Finance’s New Energy Outlook 2016 finds that while low prices for coal and gas are likely to persist, it will fail to prevent a fundamental transformation of the world electricity system towards renewable sources such as wind and solar. It estimates more than US$13 trillion will be need to be invested in zero-carbon power by 2040 to meet the Paris Agreement’s target of limiting the global temperature rise this century to less than 2°C.


Useful Links

Canadian Council on Renewable Energy (CanCore)
Clean Energy Canada
Pembina Institute
Wind Energy Institute of Canada
Wind Energy TechnoCentre
Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC)
American Wind Energy Association (AWEA)